Allie Woodward January 27, 2021 Map
Internal cross links between lower level keywords are less common in mind maps and concept maps than they are in association maps, with the branching tree structure tending to take precedence. With concept and mind maps, the relationship of each word to the overarching theme remains paramount. In association maps, however, the link becomes the key, and, as stated, the process of deciding which type of link joins keywords together is a valuable part of ascertaining correct understanding. If you cant link two keywords effectively, you havent understood how they are related to one another! This pairing and linking process allows a jigsaw like approach to the development of the knowledge map, and enables a student always to be working from a point of understanding. Most interestingly, when used to develop a map for a new topic where one is not an expert, it is possible to identify the high level terms which will take precendence at the top of a concept map once an association map has been developed. This is because they are the ones with the most linkages. Development of an association map therefore gives a useful mechanism for allowing students to take on the expert role and develop their own concept maps, even when they are not fully confident in a subject. Drawing any of the three types of maps involves much more active learning than just using ready produced ones in my experience so this is a definite bonus. In summary, all mapping techniques provide a powerful method for organising key ideas within a topic or sub-topic. Mind mapping allows colourful creativity, concept mapping provides the confidence of professional correctness, and association mapping always lets you get started somewhere, but I have a sneaky suspicion, that the real power of visual mapping is the process your brain goes through when you develop those non-verbal links for yourself, so get a pencil and get started!
Laminated maps for the home or office have many distinct benefits for the condition of the map and also the appearance. Maps can be found in the home and in the office and they look visually appealing and part of the decor, but there is nothing worse than a map that suffers from general wear and tear, especially a map that is expensive or one that is not widely circulated. Generally speaking, maps and other items do suffer some kind of mishap, such as tearing and can lack stability if not properly protected. Re-usable ones are vital for those who heavily depend on them, no doubt important not just to keep using one map continuously, but also helps those who are on a budget and who choose not to spend money buying new maps only to have them ruined in the future by common tears, water and other dirt. Smeared ink is a big problem, especially if you only have one map to rely on, and there is no doubt anyone would prefer a more durable map.
Mapping is an art and science. Art because it represents our piece of earth in an artistic way. And science because the representation has to meet exacting standards. Say for a map on a million scale, things lesser than a few hundred meters will be just points. So many small lakes may just disappear on a million map and similarly many small roads will just not show up. Just try zooming in and out on Google Maps to see how it behaves. You want to see some maps just go over to www.mapsandlocations.com. It describes different types of maps. You can also ask for an editable PDF or Illustrator map from the site administrator to experiment with. And how would you edit the PDF or Illustrator map, well just download fully functional Illustrator CS3 from Adobe Website. You can also use Macromedia Freehand for editing vector maps.
Plat Maps A plat map is a plan of an area which shows the legal boundaries and dimensions of each parcel of land. These maps can usually be found at your local city or county government center. Check for the property owners of your parcel of land on each of the plat maps you locate. Street Maps These maps can help identify when the street you are researching was created. It is not uncommon to find that the street name has changed over time. Check with your local municipality for the existence of old street maps. Many city directories actually contain a street map that provides details on the streets covered by the directory. Comparing these maps with current maps can help to pinpoint street names that have been changed. Libraries typically have copies of city directories at their facilities.
Fire Insurance Maps During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, fire insurance maps were periodically drawn up for cities and towns in the United States. These maps were commissioned by insurance companies in order to more accurately calculate fire risk, depicting the layout of the town and showing each existing building. The maps offer a great deal of information, and can show the outline of the building, the building material, the number of stories, doors, windows and chimneys, the address and lot lines, street widths, water pipes, hydrants and cisterns. The Sanborn Company was the largest, but not the only, fire insurance mapping firm. The Sanborn Company was founded in 1867, and created fire insurance maps from 1867 until 1969.
Electronic maps, From the last quarter of the 20th century, the indispensable tool of the cartographer has been the computer. Much of cartography, especially at the data-gathering survey level, has been subsumed by Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The functionality of maps has been greatly advanced by technology simplifying the superimposition of spatially located variables onto existing geographical maps. Interactive, computerised maps are commercially available, allowing users to zoom in or zoom out (respectively meaning to increase or decrease the scale), sometimes by replacing one map with another of different scale, centred where possible on the same point. Mobility satellite navigation systems are computerised maps with route-planning and advice facilities which monitor the users position with the help of satellites.