Ingrid Savage February 22, 2021 Map
Unlimited uses for copywriters and others... Mind mapping is related to techniques such as concept mapping, idea mapping and Ishikawa diagrams. The term mind mapping was coined by British writer Tony Buzan and consists of creating branching diagrams that use lines, words, colour and images to capture information around a central idea. Like all great ideas, mind mapping is as simple and accessible as a pencil and an old envelope. Although Buzan claims the origination of the term mind map, the use of image-centered radial graphical organization methods goes back centuries. And with computers it was inevitable that mind mapping would reach our monitors as mind mapping software such as the excellent open source Freemind.
Here are a few ways for you to spot a fake old map: 1. Color maps were hand-colored before the 1850s. With a magnifying glass take a close look at the color. If you see a matrix of small and even overlapping dots then you have a map made after the 1900s. Your map may say it is from the 1600s for example, but the presence of these dots means that it was not made until after the 1900s. Its a copy. 2. Old maps were mostly engraved on metal plates in reverse so that they could be printed. When printing the pressure from the press and its engraved plate into the paper leaves a "plate mark" or indentation around the map. If you have a plate mark on your map be sure to look all the way around to see if anything was printed beyond the plate mark. If there is printed material spilling beyond the plate mark, you have a fake.
Maps are needed and are so heavily relied upon when traveling to new places and there is nothing worse than attempting to use a map that is torn, or has water marks. Unfortunately a map that has not been protected by lamination and has been in contact with water becomes almost unreadable. Not having to worry about the surface is important and it should also be noted that by laminating a map it will give off a more professional finish, looking clean, fresh, and durable and accident proof. If a map is in a family home with children, you do not have to worry about any spillages, dirt, grime or fingerprints ruining the map, since if a surface is laminated you can easily wash and wipe off any dirt, without ruining the map. Everyone wants the added luxury of positioning of the map, since you do not have to worry about people coming in contact with it.
Years ago, people looking for antique maps would often have to wait around for opportunities to find them. They may have had to wait for their vacation periods in order to find the time to travel to find them at different famous shopping outlets or antique stores. Many collectors have gone to antique stores all over the world looking for the artifacts that they found interesting. Today, finding old maps is easier than ever before due to the availability of online shopping opportunities. There are entire websites devoted to locating old maps and selling the ones that are available. Old world map enthusiasts should spend some time searching for what theyre looking for online, and they should be on their way to getting the sort of ancient maps theyve always wanted.
Maps are so ubiquitous that we forget that we use maps on daily basis. The signage, the road mile stones, the directions that ask are basically maps in the making. Yes we make maps in our minds. Once you put these on paper or on electronic media, these become hard copy or soft copy maps. Maps basically fall in two categories, the raster and the vector maps. Raster maps are images of paper maps, it can be said to be similar to photographs. Can you edit them, yes but very difficult to control each aspect of raster maps layout and designs. Then how do we edit the maps and control all design and layout aspect? The answer is vector maps, these are intelligent maps which are basically made of three entities, points, lines and shapes. The points are symbols of hospitals, schools etc. The lines represent all entities which are denoted by paths like roads, railways, streams, contours etc. The area or shape comes in for parks, large water bodies, and even your home or office building if is a small scale map. Yes small scale map; smaller the scale larger is the detail on the map.
Conformal projection: These projections maintain angular relationships and show accurate shapes while covering small areas. Such maps are useful for navigational or meteorological purposes where angular relationships are important. Equidistant projection: Maps that maintain accurate distances along given lines or from the center of the projection are based on this principle of equidistant projection. Such maps are used for navigation and for radio and seismic mapping. The Equirectangular projection and the Equidistant Conic projection are two examples of this category. Azimuthal (or zenithal) projection: A projection that maintains accurate angular relationships and directions from a given central point use this projection. Maps for aeronautical purposes use this principle. The Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection and the Gnomonic projection are examples of how azimuthal projection is used for map making.