Cheryl Wynn February 22, 2021 Map
The concept map, by contrast, has a top down hierarchical structure. A concept map requires both a context and a focus question, from which it should not deviate. It covers a domain of knowledge, and its creator, Joseph Novak envisaged that the development of a concept map would be undertaken by an expert in the field who would sift and sort the relevant keywords, giving them a rank value based on generality and inclusivity. Following this the words would be layered and linked, enhancing simple straight line linkages with additional written indications of relationships. It is interesting that increasingly mind maps also have writing along the linking lines (in addition to the keyword) - it seems that a simple line does not always convey enough information about relationships when the user is not simply using the diagram as a revision aid. As with mind mapping software, it is possible to use cmap tools to develop these concept maps for yourself. If you lack the confidence to start at the expert level, I cover here one more mapping type which may be of use.
Cartographers use a system called projection to depict the three-dimensional data of the surface of the Earth to a two-dimensional presentation. The Mercator Projection is the most popular projection for the map of the world. In the aeronautical realm, they use conical projections. With the galloping strides in the information technology, cartography has attained greater sophistication. Geographic Information System (GIS) has made it more scientific, accurate and adaptive to fluctuations in various fronts. Labeling is the system of specifying geographic features like cities, lakes, rivers, etc. in a map. For cartographers, labeling is difficult with the increase in density. Maps are created for the world, the continents, the countries, the provinces or states, smaller units like districts, cities, towns, etc.
One of the tricky questions that appear when you are looking to organize a trip is to know which kind of maps you should get in order to make it easy to move around through your destination. There are many options out there, but my general recommendation is that simplicity must win. Lets take a look at how we should select the best travel maps. First of all, to select the best travel maps you need to know which kind of trip you are planning to do. What I mean is not just the length of the trip or the number of stars your hotel has. What you really need to know if you are going to be staying in a single city, if you are going around a single country, or if you are visiting a whole continent, like it could be the case of a trip to Europe.
Mapping is an art and science. Art because it represents our piece of earth in an artistic way. And science because the representation has to meet exacting standards. Say for a map on a million scale, things lesser than a few hundred meters will be just points. So many small lakes may just disappear on a million map and similarly many small roads will just not show up. Just try zooming in and out on Google Maps to see how it behaves. You want to see some maps just go over to www.mapsandlocations.com. It describes different types of maps. You can also ask for an editable PDF or Illustrator map from the site administrator to experiment with. And how would you edit the PDF or Illustrator map, well just download fully functional Illustrator CS3 from Adobe Website. You can also use Macromedia Freehand for editing vector maps.
It is estimated that almost $800 billion will be spent on travel and tourism in 2011 and nearly two billion business and leisure trips will be made in the United States alone. How will these travelers discover where to stay, eat, shop and play? How will they learn about the businesses in your town? When I travel or visit a new place I look for fun and informative maps to help me plan my trip before I go. I want to learn a little about the area, find places to stay, and know what to expect when I get there. Once I arrive at my destination I need an easy way to find nearby attractions, restaurants and other businesses. Getting a sense of the neighborhood and some background information makes my visit more enjoyable. An interactive map can display photos, videos and descriptions of hotels, points of interest, historic sites, shopping areas or museums, and you can click right from the map to advertiser web sites to book accommodations or get more details. Does your community have an interactive map to promote tourism?
Here are a few ways for you to spot a fake old map: 1. Color maps were hand-colored before the 1850s. With a magnifying glass take a close look at the color. If you see a matrix of small and even overlapping dots then you have a map made after the 1900s. Your map may say it is from the 1600s for example, but the presence of these dots means that it was not made until after the 1900s. Its a copy. 2. Old maps were mostly engraved on metal plates in reverse so that they could be printed. When printing the pressure from the press and its engraved plate into the paper leaves a "plate mark" or indentation around the map. If you have a plate mark on your map be sure to look all the way around to see if anything was printed beyond the plate mark. If there is printed material spilling beyond the plate mark, you have a fake.