Cheryl Wynn February 22, 2021 Map
Cartographers use a system called projection to depict the three-dimensional data of the surface of the Earth to a two-dimensional presentation. The Mercator Projection is the most popular projection for the map of the world. In the aeronautical realm, they use conical projections. With the galloping strides in the information technology, cartography has attained greater sophistication. Geographic Information System (GIS) has made it more scientific, accurate and adaptive to fluctuations in various fronts. Labeling is the system of specifying geographic features like cities, lakes, rivers, etc. in a map. For cartographers, labeling is difficult with the increase in density. Maps are created for the world, the continents, the countries, the provinces or states, smaller units like districts, cities, towns, etc.
The Interest in Old Maps Many people around the world specifically collect antique maps. Old maps have a certain undefinable charm. Maps are a sufficiently commonplace item that even an old world map is still familiar enough to have emotional resonance, but an old world map is still different enough by itself to be interesting. People who are interested in history will automatically become drawn to old maps, which are fascinating historical documents in their own right and can reflect historical geographical divisions. Decorative Ancient Maps Many people hang their ancient maps around their homes or at their offices. Old maps are especially appropriate for educators and people work in academia, given their inherent educational value. They add a certain sophistication to any room, and they can quickly become great conversation pieces.
Very popular antique maps are fetching very high prices at the auction block, because of this many forgeries have appeared as well as numerous copies of these maps. Map reproductions are not worth anything regardless of what the seller tells you. We will give you a few tips to distinguish a fake antique map from a real antique map. First let us talk about copies, forgeries and reproductions of antique maps. Cartographers have copied each others maps for centuries and have improved on them as well. These old maps can be valuable since they were done when the information on them was valid and useful. They are genuine historical documents. However, recent copies of old maps that depict geographical information from centuries past are made with the intent of offering decoration and sometimes historical insight to their buyers. The value of these map reproductions is often marketed to unknowing customers by claiming that the copy is of a rare map or that is was made using some fancy printing technique. The truth is that a copy of a rare map is not rare, it is the original map that is rare. The copy is worthless and the same goes for the fancy printing.
Unlimited uses for copywriters and others... Mind mapping is related to techniques such as concept mapping, idea mapping and Ishikawa diagrams. The term mind mapping was coined by British writer Tony Buzan and consists of creating branching diagrams that use lines, words, colour and images to capture information around a central idea. Like all great ideas, mind mapping is as simple and accessible as a pencil and an old envelope. Although Buzan claims the origination of the term mind map, the use of image-centered radial graphical organization methods goes back centuries. And with computers it was inevitable that mind mapping would reach our monitors as mind mapping software such as the excellent open source Freemind.
The concept map, by contrast, has a top down hierarchical structure. A concept map requires both a context and a focus question, from which it should not deviate. It covers a domain of knowledge, and its creator, Joseph Novak envisaged that the development of a concept map would be undertaken by an expert in the field who would sift and sort the relevant keywords, giving them a rank value based on generality and inclusivity. Following this the words would be layered and linked, enhancing simple straight line linkages with additional written indications of relationships. It is interesting that increasingly mind maps also have writing along the linking lines (in addition to the keyword) - it seems that a simple line does not always convey enough information about relationships when the user is not simply using the diagram as a revision aid. As with mind mapping software, it is possible to use cmap tools to develop these concept maps for yourself. If you lack the confidence to start at the expert level, I cover here one more mapping type which may be of use.
The OS Explorer map series is the most popular choice and an essential for longer or more complex walks or those going off the beaten track. It is highly detailed and shows all rights of way, footpaths, landscape and interest features and contours. Every house, public facility or point of interest is covered giving you all the tools you need to locate yourself as well as finding that nearest pub for a drink after a hard days walking! The scale is 1:25000 - that is 1cm on the map equates to 250m on the ground (4cm per km or 2 1/2 inches to a mile) The OS Landranger map series covers a wider area with a scale of 1:50000 (thats 1cm on the map to every 500m on the ground, 2cm per km or 1 1/4 inches to the mile). This makes it handy for planning a day out over a broader area and for getting a good picture of where you are going and it shows the main footpaths and rights of way as well as tourist information and points of interest. However it doesnt contain as much detail as the OS Explorer range and if you are going off into the wilds you will need the detail of the Explorer map to navigate with confidence.