Cheryl Wynn February 22, 2021 Map
The concept map, by contrast, has a top down hierarchical structure. A concept map requires both a context and a focus question, from which it should not deviate. It covers a domain of knowledge, and its creator, Joseph Novak envisaged that the development of a concept map would be undertaken by an expert in the field who would sift and sort the relevant keywords, giving them a rank value based on generality and inclusivity. Following this the words would be layered and linked, enhancing simple straight line linkages with additional written indications of relationships. It is interesting that increasingly mind maps also have writing along the linking lines (in addition to the keyword) - it seems that a simple line does not always convey enough information about relationships when the user is not simply using the diagram as a revision aid. As with mind mapping software, it is possible to use cmap tools to develop these concept maps for yourself. If you lack the confidence to start at the expert level, I cover here one more mapping type which may be of use.
In the course of researching an old building, your home or an ancestors house, maps can provide some additional and interesting information about the building and its neighborhood. They show details in ways not examined by other sources, and can often provide leads for further exploration. Atlases and Maps Atlases and maps provide a visual history of an area. While a map is usually just one sheet of paper, an atlas is generally a bound collection of maps, charts, plates or tables. Historical city and county maps and atlases may show your home on them, and perhaps even list the owners name as well. These maps often show the location of roads and other landmarks that may no longer exist. You might find these at city hall, county courthouses or local libraries or archives.
The OS Explorer map series is the most popular choice and an essential for longer or more complex walks or those going off the beaten track. It is highly detailed and shows all rights of way, footpaths, landscape and interest features and contours. Every house, public facility or point of interest is covered giving you all the tools you need to locate yourself as well as finding that nearest pub for a drink after a hard days walking! The scale is 1:25000 - that is 1cm on the map equates to 250m on the ground (4cm per km or 2 1/2 inches to a mile) The OS Landranger map series covers a wider area with a scale of 1:50000 (thats 1cm on the map to every 500m on the ground, 2cm per km or 1 1/4 inches to the mile). This makes it handy for planning a day out over a broader area and for getting a good picture of where you are going and it shows the main footpaths and rights of way as well as tourist information and points of interest. However it doesnt contain as much detail as the OS Explorer range and if you are going off into the wilds you will need the detail of the Explorer map to navigate with confidence.
Here are a few ways for you to spot a fake old map: 1. Color maps were hand-colored before the 1850s. With a magnifying glass take a close look at the color. If you see a matrix of small and even overlapping dots then you have a map made after the 1900s. Your map may say it is from the 1600s for example, but the presence of these dots means that it was not made until after the 1900s. Its a copy. 2. Old maps were mostly engraved on metal plates in reverse so that they could be printed. When printing the pressure from the press and its engraved plate into the paper leaves a "plate mark" or indentation around the map. If you have a plate mark on your map be sure to look all the way around to see if anything was printed beyond the plate mark. If there is printed material spilling beyond the plate mark, you have a fake.
Maps need to be kept in pristine condition so they will last for many years, and also improves the shading and contrast of a map. To add to this, a laminated map is very much needed if it will be in contact by many people, such as offices, especially delivery services where maps are vital for day-to-day business. Pin-pointing routes and notes are important especially for traveling to many locations around the country. If you are using a map specifically for navigation purposes rather than for decor, a laminated map will allow you to chart you route with a non-permanent pen, and you can simply wipe the map clean afterwards. There is no doubt that by laminating a map you ensure the survival of the map, and keep it looking brand new and importantly clean. Nobody likes the hassle of replacing a map whenever it gets torn or looks old, therefore the best and more cost efficient way of strengthening a map and keep it long lasting is by lamination.
Cartographers use a system called projection to depict the three-dimensional data of the surface of the Earth to a two-dimensional presentation. The Mercator Projection is the most popular projection for the map of the world. In the aeronautical realm, they use conical projections. With the galloping strides in the information technology, cartography has attained greater sophistication. Geographic Information System (GIS) has made it more scientific, accurate and adaptive to fluctuations in various fronts. Labeling is the system of specifying geographic features like cities, lakes, rivers, etc. in a map. For cartographers, labeling is difficult with the increase in density. Maps are created for the world, the continents, the countries, the provinces or states, smaller units like districts, cities, towns, etc.