Lou Holt December 26, 2020 Map
Geographic maps are abstract representations of the world. It is, of course, this abstraction that makes them useful. Lewis Carroll made this point humorously in Sylvie and Bruno with his mention of a fictional map that had "the scale of a mile to the mile". A character notes some practical difficulties with this map and states that "we now use the country itself, as its own map, and I assure you it does nearly as well". This concept is elaborated in a one-paragraph story by Jorge Luis Borges, generally known in English as "On Exactitude in Science". Road maps are perhaps the most widely used maps today, and form a subset of navigational maps, which also include aeronautical and nautical charts, railroad network maps, and hiking and bicycling maps. In terms of quantity, the largest number of drawn map sheets is probably made up by local surveys, carried out by municipalities, utilities, tax assessors, emergency services providers, and other local agencies. Many national surveying projects have been carried out by the military, such as the British Ordnance Survey (now a civilian government agency internationally renowned for its comprehensively detailed work).
Fire Insurance Maps During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, fire insurance maps were periodically drawn up for cities and towns in the United States. These maps were commissioned by insurance companies in order to more accurately calculate fire risk, depicting the layout of the town and showing each existing building. The maps offer a great deal of information, and can show the outline of the building, the building material, the number of stories, doors, windows and chimneys, the address and lot lines, street widths, water pipes, hydrants and cisterns. The Sanborn Company was the largest, but not the only, fire insurance mapping firm. The Sanborn Company was founded in 1867, and created fire insurance maps from 1867 until 1969.
Whether you use pen and paper or the latest mind mapping software, the simple elegance of this technique has evolved into a powerful tool for copywriters, authors or anyone who needs to organise ideas or think more creatively. Have you ever spent hours writing meeting notes yet felt that the really important information remains buried deep within a mass of minutes? Or, maybe youve wrestled with complex information for a report, website or a newsletter. If that sounds familiar, the answer, as many other people have discovered, may lie in the simple but effective technique called mind mapping. Mind mapping in marketing, technical writing and PR Twenty years ago, before I became a copywriter based in Gloucestershire, England, I discovered mind mapping, got hooked and soon started using this simple tool in my marketing, technical writing and PR work. Since then, mind mapping has become an integral part of my working and personal life, completely changing the way I think, organise information and plan my copywriting. Whether you mind map on the back of an envelope or with mind mapping software such as Freemind, the technique could change your writing life too.
The concept map, by contrast, has a top down hierarchical structure. A concept map requires both a context and a focus question, from which it should not deviate. It covers a domain of knowledge, and its creator, Joseph Novak envisaged that the development of a concept map would be undertaken by an expert in the field who would sift and sort the relevant keywords, giving them a rank value based on generality and inclusivity. Following this the words would be layered and linked, enhancing simple straight line linkages with additional written indications of relationships. It is interesting that increasingly mind maps also have writing along the linking lines (in addition to the keyword) - it seems that a simple line does not always convey enough information about relationships when the user is not simply using the diagram as a revision aid. As with mind mapping software, it is possible to use cmap tools to develop these concept maps for yourself. If you lack the confidence to start at the expert level, I cover here one more mapping type which may be of use.
Maps are so ubiquitous that we forget that we use maps on daily basis. The signage, the road mile stones, the directions that ask are basically maps in the making. Yes we make maps in our minds. Once you put these on paper or on electronic media, these become hard copy or soft copy maps. Maps basically fall in two categories, the raster and the vector maps. Raster maps are images of paper maps, it can be said to be similar to photographs. Can you edit them, yes but very difficult to control each aspect of raster maps layout and designs. Then how do we edit the maps and control all design and layout aspect? The answer is vector maps, these are intelligent maps which are basically made of three entities, points, lines and shapes. The points are symbols of hospitals, schools etc. The lines represent all entities which are denoted by paths like roads, railways, streams, contours etc. The area or shape comes in for parks, large water bodies, and even your home or office building if is a small scale map. Yes small scale map; smaller the scale larger is the detail on the map.
Business application of map messaging has proven to be similar to personal computers, Instant messaging, and the World Wide Web, in that its adoption for use of personal map positioning and business communications medium was driven primarily by individual employees using consumer software at work, rather than by formal mandate or provisioning by corporate information technology departments. Tens of millions of the consumer IM accounts in use are being used for business purposes by employees of companies and other organizations. In response to the demand for business-grade MIMS and the need to ensure security and legal compliance, a new type of instant messaging, called "Enterprise Map Messaging" ("EMM") was created trough one application (SingleGalaxy).