Natalia Obrien December 25, 2020 Map
The OS Explorer map series is the most popular choice and an essential for longer or more complex walks or those going off the beaten track. It is highly detailed and shows all rights of way, footpaths, landscape and interest features and contours. Every house, public facility or point of interest is covered giving you all the tools you need to locate yourself as well as finding that nearest pub for a drink after a hard days walking! The scale is 1:25000 - that is 1cm on the map equates to 250m on the ground (4cm per km or 2 1/2 inches to a mile) The OS Landranger map series covers a wider area with a scale of 1:50000 (thats 1cm on the map to every 500m on the ground, 2cm per km or 1 1/4 inches to the mile). This makes it handy for planning a day out over a broader area and for getting a good picture of where you are going and it shows the main footpaths and rights of way as well as tourist information and points of interest. However it doesnt contain as much detail as the OS Explorer range and if you are going off into the wilds you will need the detail of the Explorer map to navigate with confidence.
Here are a few ways for you to spot a fake old map: 1. Color maps were hand-colored before the 1850s. With a magnifying glass take a close look at the color. If you see a matrix of small and even overlapping dots then you have a map made after the 1900s. Your map may say it is from the 1600s for example, but the presence of these dots means that it was not made until after the 1900s. Its a copy. 2. Old maps were mostly engraved on metal plates in reverse so that they could be printed. When printing the pressure from the press and its engraved plate into the paper leaves a "plate mark" or indentation around the map. If you have a plate mark on your map be sure to look all the way around to see if anything was printed beyond the plate mark. If there is printed material spilling beyond the plate mark, you have a fake.
Mapping is an art and science. Art because it represents our piece of earth in an artistic way. And science because the representation has to meet exacting standards. Say for a map on a million scale, things lesser than a few hundred meters will be just points. So many small lakes may just disappear on a million map and similarly many small roads will just not show up. Just try zooming in and out on Google Maps to see how it behaves. You want to see some maps just go over to www.mapsandlocations.com. It describes different types of maps. You can also ask for an editable PDF or Illustrator map from the site administrator to experiment with. And how would you edit the PDF or Illustrator map, well just download fully functional Illustrator CS3 from Adobe Website. You can also use Macromedia Freehand for editing vector maps.
There are various Mumbai maps available in the market which can be used according to ones needs. The various kinds of maps include- Road map, railway map, tourist map, excursion map, local map. The road map of Mumbai will give you all the significant information that you may require about the most important roads of Mumbai. If you are travelling by train, the railway map is a perfect guidance which will assist you throughout the whole journey. The railway map of Mumbai stretches from Bhayander in the northern part of the city (which further connects to Surat), to the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (VT) in the southern part of the city. Many other stations apart from the 2 extreme stations mentioned above are included in the railway map of Mumbai such as Thane, Church Gate, Andheri, Kandivali, etc. The tourist map of Mumbai is a highlighter of all the public visit places that are important from the tourist point of view including The Gateway of India, Iskcon Temple, Sidhi Vinayak Temple, Essel world, Water kingdom and many more. As we all are aware that Mumbai is a very important place from tourist point of view, so if you are planning a holiday in Mumbai then a tourist map is a must.
For example, when you use these maps on finding the cheap hotels, or specific restaurants on a certain area, these places will be plotted on the map to give you the idea where they are exactly. Then once you have chosen the best place you want to go to, you can ask the maps to give you driving directions. Live Traffic reports may also be available to set your expectations. Once your customized map is in place, print it, and you are off to go. And with Yahoo! Maps and Mapquest, you also have options to send the map to your phone or car. If you want to know the estimated time to travel by just walking, Google Maps give you such feature. It also give you directions using public transportation systems. So far, the public transit feature is mostly available in metropolitan areas. Aerial Map or the Satellite View images of the area is another common feature. Once you zoom in a place with the aerial view, youll get to see the contour of the mountains, which parts are mostly covered with plants, and know which areas are more populated. But aside from Satellite View, birds eye view is also available in Live Maps, as well as 3D map within Live Maps. Google Maps, on the other hand, is known now for its Street View maps. It offers it users street photos as if they are really driving or walking on the street. It wont be too long though that Live Maps may also offer such feature.
Internal cross links between lower level keywords are less common in mind maps and concept maps than they are in association maps, with the branching tree structure tending to take precedence. With concept and mind maps, the relationship of each word to the overarching theme remains paramount. In association maps, however, the link becomes the key, and, as stated, the process of deciding which type of link joins keywords together is a valuable part of ascertaining correct understanding. If you cant link two keywords effectively, you havent understood how they are related to one another! This pairing and linking process allows a jigsaw like approach to the development of the knowledge map, and enables a student always to be working from a point of understanding. Most interestingly, when used to develop a map for a new topic where one is not an expert, it is possible to identify the high level terms which will take precendence at the top of a concept map once an association map has been developed. This is because they are the ones with the most linkages. Development of an association map therefore gives a useful mechanism for allowing students to take on the expert role and develop their own concept maps, even when they are not fully confident in a subject. Drawing any of the three types of maps involves much more active learning than just using ready produced ones in my experience so this is a definite bonus. In summary, all mapping techniques provide a powerful method for organising key ideas within a topic or sub-topic. Mind mapping allows colourful creativity, concept mapping provides the confidence of professional correctness, and association mapping always lets you get started somewhere, but I have a sneaky suspicion, that the real power of visual mapping is the process your brain goes through when you develop those non-verbal links for yourself, so get a pencil and get started!