Sondra Trujillo February 22, 2021 Map
3. Hold the map up to the light to look at the paper. Most maps made before the 1820s were made on hand-made paper. This paper was made by artisans who used a wire mesh to hold up the paper pulp. This wire mesh leaves a visible grid called "chain links" that are visible against a strong light source. Paper makers often had a watermark to identify themselves that is sometimes visible on bigger maps. If you dont have chain links on a map dated from the 1820s or earlier, then you have a map reproduction. 4. The majority of antique maps were taken out of old atlases, because of this there is often a fold in the middle of a map. This fold is where the map was bound in the book. Also atlas maps are worn from use at the corners, especially the right hand top or bottom corners. This is where most people would flip the pages. If your map doesnt have a center fold or looks too new, then it probably is.
Kerala is a southernmost state in India blessed with natural beauty. It is known as Gods own country as it looks like made by the very own hands of God. Kerala is famous for its spices, culture, Ayurveda and its vast backwaters and houseboats. Kerala had trade relations with different parts of the world dated from 5th BC. It is also the place where the Portuguese captain Vasco Da Gama landed and henceforth the beginning place for colonialism which ruled India for years. Being the first place to establish trading relations with the west, Kerala has lots of forts and buildings built by the Portuguese and British and are an open window to the past. These historic monuments show the beauty of western architecture and are centre of tourist attraction.
Conformal projection: These projections maintain angular relationships and show accurate shapes while covering small areas. Such maps are useful for navigational or meteorological purposes where angular relationships are important. Equidistant projection: Maps that maintain accurate distances along given lines or from the center of the projection are based on this principle of equidistant projection. Such maps are used for navigation and for radio and seismic mapping. The Equirectangular projection and the Equidistant Conic projection are two examples of this category. Azimuthal (or zenithal) projection: A projection that maintains accurate angular relationships and directions from a given central point use this projection. Maps for aeronautical purposes use this principle. The Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection and the Gnomonic projection are examples of how azimuthal projection is used for map making.
Here are a few ways for you to spot a fake old map: 1. Color maps were hand-colored before the 1850s. With a magnifying glass take a close look at the color. If you see a matrix of small and even overlapping dots then you have a map made after the 1900s. Your map may say it is from the 1600s for example, but the presence of these dots means that it was not made until after the 1900s. Its a copy. 2. Old maps were mostly engraved on metal plates in reverse so that they could be printed. When printing the pressure from the press and its engraved plate into the paper leaves a "plate mark" or indentation around the map. If you have a plate mark on your map be sure to look all the way around to see if anything was printed beyond the plate mark. If there is printed material spilling beyond the plate mark, you have a fake.
Plat Maps A plat map is a plan of an area which shows the legal boundaries and dimensions of each parcel of land. These maps can usually be found at your local city or county government center. Check for the property owners of your parcel of land on each of the plat maps you locate. Street Maps These maps can help identify when the street you are researching was created. It is not uncommon to find that the street name has changed over time. Check with your local municipality for the existence of old street maps. Many city directories actually contain a street map that provides details on the streets covered by the directory. Comparing these maps with current maps can help to pinpoint street names that have been changed. Libraries typically have copies of city directories at their facilities.
They are part of the National Express Group and offer services from Barcelona to Zaragoza (3 hours 30 minutes), Madrid (7hours 30 minutes), down the coast to Valencia (4 hours 15 minutes) and Alicante (7-8 hours). The local buses run to almost anywhere in the city. There are route maps and area maps on the bus shelters showing the routes taken by the buses stopping there. You can also get a full map of all buses routes in the Catalunya or Diagonal metro stations. The day bus services run from 05:00 to 22:00 and the night buses run from 22:00-05:00. The night buses depart from Plaça Catalunya and are easily identified by the "N" (for Nit-bus) on the bus. Below is a table showing the 2009 charges for the various bus season tickets you can purchase when using the Barcelona buses.