Priscilla Murray December 27, 2020 Map
Geographic maps are abstract representations of the world. It is, of course, this abstraction that makes them useful. Lewis Carroll made this point humorously in Sylvie and Bruno with his mention of a fictional map that had "the scale of a mile to the mile". A character notes some practical difficulties with this map and states that "we now use the country itself, as its own map, and I assure you it does nearly as well". This concept is elaborated in a one-paragraph story by Jorge Luis Borges, generally known in English as "On Exactitude in Science". Road maps are perhaps the most widely used maps today, and form a subset of navigational maps, which also include aeronautical and nautical charts, railroad network maps, and hiking and bicycling maps. In terms of quantity, the largest number of drawn map sheets is probably made up by local surveys, carried out by municipalities, utilities, tax assessors, emergency services providers, and other local agencies. Many national surveying projects have been carried out by the military, such as the British Ordnance Survey (now a civilian government agency internationally renowned for its comprehensively detailed work).
More and more people are beginning to use GPS mapping as the primary way they plan, map, and track their trips for both business and for pleasure. With GPS maps, you can route trips to any destination, whether you are driving in your car with a vehicle GPS navigation system installed or hiking or biking through the wilderness with a handheld GPS mapping device. The GPS unit will connect with numerous satellites, receiving data and information about its location. The GPS tracking software will then use GPS mapping technology to create a GPS map that you can view and interact with. You can then plan routes and organize trips on your GPS receiver, as well as several other useful features. The various abilities and functions of the GPS database system is a primary factor of the cost of a GPS device.
Maps of places give details as to the geographic location, physical characteristics, climate profile, vegetative structure, flora and fauna, soil structure, latitude and longitude, etc. Over the years, these maps were used in schools and colleges, offices and in houses for the purpose of education and/or reference. These maps used to be in paper-printed two-dimensional formats. Now three-dimensional, interactive or dynamic maps represent more accurate and up-to-date information. The art and science of map-making is called cartography. Maps are created representing political, geographical and other particular aspects. Most of the maps are drawn on a scale, say 1: 10,000, meaning that one unit of measurement on the map represents 10,000 units on the land. Maps depicting land areas are called political maps or physical maps. Political maps show land boundaries or territorial boarders between states and provinces, say those between India and China or Maharashtra and Gujarat. Physical maps depict geographical features such as terrain structure, mountains, deserts, plateaus, rivers, land under use, etc.
In addition to the traditional ways of getting maps, another source that has become very popular, are on the internet maps. Using a selection of sites, all one needs to do is type in the beginning point and the end point and a atlas in the same way as driving directions can be printed up. This can be very valuable to anyone who is traveling last minutes and does not have the time to find maps other ways. If you are intending to rent a car, talk to the renting a car agency. They too can be very helpful in getting travel maps for practically any destination, or general guidelines. If the trip involves traveling by plane, nearly any gift shop in every airport has some type of travel map available.
The association map, in its simplest form, is just two keywords with a defined link. In terms of looks the diagrams are similar to a non-linear mind map, but structurally they have the more formal requirements of the concept map. The key point from a learning view, is that the relationship between the two keywords must always be clearly defined. A keyword may have many links to other keywords, but each pairing must have this well-defined link association. I have found the decisions one must make about these relationships have been some of the most useful in helping a student to overcome a misunderstanding, and in designing learning packages so that learners move more easily through a topic. Linking the unknown to the known has been a useful teaching strategy since time immemorial, and the association map is a particularly powerful way of tapping into this for some students.